Gold Price In 1980


Gold Price In 1980

gold price in 1980

    gold price

  • Of all the precious metals, gold is the most popular as an investment. Investors generally buy gold as a hedge or safe haven against any economic, political, social, or fiat currency crises (including investment market declines, burgeoning national debt, currency failure, inflation, war and
  • The gold price is fixed daily at 10.30 a.m and at 3.00 p.m. in London (London gold fixing).
  • (Gold Pricing) Fidelity’s deep discount Gold Level pricing can be applied to the accounts of qualifying investors. To qualify, a household (see Relationship Household) must meet either of the following criteria:


  • 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year that started on a Tuesday. In the Gregorian calendar, the year 1980 was the 1980th year in the Anno Domini or Common Era, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 980th year of the 2nd millennium. It was also the first year of the 1980s.
  • 1980 is title of the debut album by Danish punk/metal band Brats.
  • (1980s) eighties: the decade from 1980 to 1989

gold price in 1980 – Star Wars

Star Wars Trilogy [VHS]
Star Wars Trilogy [VHS]
The Star Wars trilogy had the rare distinction of becoming more than just a series of movies, but a cultural phenomenon, a life-defining event for its generation. On its surface, George Lucas’s original 1977 film is a rollicking and humorous space fantasy that owes debts to more influences than one can count on two hands, but filmgoers became entranced by its basic struggle of good vs. evil “a long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away,” its dazzling special effects, and a mythology of Jedi Knights, the Force, and droids.
In the first film, Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill) gets to live out every boy’s dream: ditch the farm and rescue a princess (Carrie Fisher). Accompanied by the roguish Han Solo (Harrison Ford, the only principal who was able to cross over into stardom) and trained by Jedi master Obi-Wan Kenobi (Alec Guinness), Luke finds himself involved in a galactic war against the Empire and the menacing Darth Vader (David Prowse, voiced by James Earl Jones). The following film, The Empire Strikes Back (1980), takes a darker turn as the tiny rebellion faces an overwhelming onslaught. Directed by Irvin Kershner instead of Lucas, Empire is on the short list of Best Sequels Ever, marked by fantastic settings (the ice planet, the cloud city), the teachings of Yoda, a dash of grown-up romance, and a now-classic “revelation” ending. The final film of the trilogy, Return of the Jedi (1983, directed by Richard Marquand), is the most uneven. While the visual effects had taken quantum leaps over the years, resulting in thrilling speeder chases and space dogfights, the story is an uneasy mix of serious themes (Luke’s maturation as a Jedi, the end of the Empire-rebellion showdown) and the cuddly teddy bears known as the Ewoks.
Years later, George Lucas transformed his films into “special editions” by adding new scenes and special effects, which were greeted mostly by shrugs from fans. They were perfectly happy with the films they had grown up with (who cares if Greedo shot first?), and thus disappointed by Lucas’s decision to make the special editions the only versions available. –David Horiuchi

Maggie Outside the Gold Rush 1975

Maggie Outside the Gold Rush 1975
This shot of my beloved Maggie, wearing a Dan Fogleberg "Captured Angel" t-shirt, was taken on Elliston Place outside the Gold Rush Restaurant in Nashville, TN. Across the street behind her left shoulder you can see the red-and-white striped awning of Nashville’s Friday’s Restaurant.

When I arrived in Nashville in 1971 after graduating from Davidson College my first job was at a Kodak film processing center on West End Avenue; my second job was waiting tables at Friday’s five nights a week. There was no salary whatsoever – Carl Kantor, the owner, made us rely solely on our tips for income – in fact, we even had to turn over $10 of our tips each night to Friday’s, out of which they’d issue us checks every two weeks with funds taken out for Social Security, etc. In other words: not only did Friday’s not pay us a salary, we paid them to work there.

None of us on the wait staff regarded this setup as especially fair, so we made up for it by ripping Friday’s off whenever possible. My friend Jack Goodrich walked out after his evening shifts with what became a full set of Friday’s bar glasses and beer mugs; a set of silverware, coffee cups and saucers, china platters, and dessert plates for six; and as many bottles of their best scotch (preferably Glenlivet) and bourbon (Crown Royal and Jack Black) as he could carry before the managers got hip and actually started locking the liquor storeroom. I didn’t drink much, so I limited myself to beer mugs, shot glasses, silverware, and tablecloths, which I used as curtains in my kitchen. And, on one occasion, a five-gallon container of ice cream.

I’d never waited tables before working at Friday’s, but lied on my application that I had; I had my first night as a waiter two days after getting hired. Walter Harwood, the guy on the left in the above photo, took me aside one night and said, "You don’t know what the fuck you’re doing, do you?"

"Of course not!"

"I’m hip. Just stay close to me. I’ll teach you everything you need to know." Walter became my mentor and one of my best friends from that night.

Friday’s in 1971 bore no resemblance to the pathetic chain that you see today. The menu, for one thing, was so limited that it fit on these nifty little one-sided, wood-bordered slates that the doorman handed out when you entered. The featured menu item was the Friday burger, but there was also a Tuesday burger (I think it had chili on it), and a Wednesday burger (with grilled mushroom and onions); there was fried shrimp with honey-mustard dipping sauce; a Mexican plate, which was chili with rice and beans on the side; London Broil, an open-faced sandwich with a thin gravy on the side; and a T-bone steak. New York cheesecake, supposedly flown in every week from New York City, for dessert. That was pretty much it.

Walter was a real ladies man – he had so much charm it was unreal. He had this lovely girlfriend, Janis, whom I really liked, and she was always catching him in lies about his whereabouts. I had to cover for him on more than one occasion. He’d secretly rented a really nice second apartment (I was sworn to secrecy) where he’d take women he met at Friday’s; occasionally he’d ask me to come along when a woman was with a girlfriend, and we’d all get stoned together. It was really nicely furnished – lots of decent art and large exotic plants and the largest waterfall I’d ever seen in a person’s home.

Working in an always packed singles bar from 5pm to 2am five nights a week will wear you down pretty quickly; smoking dope with the other waiters at 10pm most nights helped take the edge off, though. Is there anything good weed can’t do? The worst night was Thursday because at midnight it became Friday – yay! – which meant the place went fucking crazy: drinks were half price until 2am, everyone was given noisemakers and party hats, and Carl Kantor played the execrable "Bits and Pieces" by the Dave Clark Five as loud as he could get it. The worst day of my life up to that point was every Thursday at midnight.

From about 9pm on my tables would fill up with people who wanted someplace to sit at midnight; so for 3 hours we’d all have these "sitters" who wouldn’t order food or drinks. Then at midnight they’d order a shitload of drinks at once, you’d line up with the other waiters at the bar for their drinks, you’d take their drinks back to them, they’d quickly order another round, etc. By the time they left they’d generally stiff you or give you some kind of token gratuity.

Once I got hip to this bullshit I’d make my own plans. As soon as midnight hit I’d retire to the dry goods storeroom, where I’d set up a table and chair beforehand, and eat a slice of that cheesecake and drink a cup of coffee and ignore the dipshits in my section altogether. Every now and then I’d hear someone outside the kitchen yelling, "Where’s Will? Anyone seen Will?" The cooks knew, but they wouldn’t tell. I always tipped

Roman Aureii from the Julio Claudian Dynasty

Roman Aureii from the Julio Claudian Dynasty
photo courtesy David Emery.

Finds of Roman Gold Coins in Britain is a corpus of all finds of Roman gold coins made in Britain. It is a collaboration with Dr Xavier Loriot of the CNRS, Paris, who published a comprehensive study of all single finds of Roman gold coins in Gaul and Germany in 1990. A second volume, which Dr Loriot edited in 1992, brought together studies of finds of Roman gold coins from most other countries in western Europe. Britain stood out as one of the few provinces of the western Roman Empire for which no such study had been undertaken.

We now have details of some 630 single finds. Because the dividing line between single finds and hoards is often a narrow one, this volume will also include details of all hoards of Roman coins from Britain known to include gold coins. Finds of Roman Gold Coins in Britain will contain details of some 113 hoards, 42 of which are not in Anne Robertson’s Inventory of Romano-British Coin Hoards.

The corpus of finds will be published in geographical order, but in the introduction the information will be analysed in different ways. A series of distribution maps will illustrate the chronological differences in the distribution patterns and compare this with the distribution of silver and bronze Roman coins, with which there are significant differences. The volume will also note where coins come from known sites and will examine patterns of distribution that emerge from this. In addition, it will also discuss the chronological distribution of the coins, and compare this with the information from other provinces.

R. Bland, `Gold coins in Roman Britain’, Minerva 17, 6, (November/December 2006) pp. 47-8

text from webFor more on Caligulan Numismatic Articles see: Related Articles of Caligula from American Numismatic Society Library Search

Library Catalog Search (Preliminary Version)
Full Record: Barrett, Anthony A. The invalidation of currency in the Roman Empire : the Claudian demonetization of Caligula’s AES. (1999)
Full Record: Bost, Jean-Pierre. Routes, cits et ateliers montaires : quelques remarques sur les officines hispaniques entre les rgnes d’Auguste en de Caligula. (1999)
Full Record: Bibliothque Municipale d’Etude et d’Information de Grenoble. Grenoble : Bibliothque Municipale d’Etude et d’Information : catalogue des monnaies. II. Monnaies romaines. Monnaies impriales romaines. 2. Caligula – Neron . Index. / Bernard Rmy, Frdric Bontoux, Virginie Risler. (1998)
Full Record: Gainor, John R. The image of the Julio-Claudian dynasty from coins / by John R. Gainor.
Full Record: Martini, Rodolfo. Monete romane imperiali del Museo G. B. Adriani. Parte 3, Caius (37-41 d.C.) / Rodolfo Martini. (2001)
Full Record: ACCLA privy to presentation by Richard Baker on Caligula. (2002)
Full Record: Wend, David A. Caligula, the emperor as autocrat. Part 1. (2002)
Full Record: Wend, David A. Caligula, the emperor as autocrat. Part 2. (2002)
Full Record: Wend, David A. Caligula, the emperor as autocrat. Part 3. (2002)
Full Record: Kemmers, Fleur. Caligula on the Lower Rhine : Coin finds from the Roman Fort of Albaniana (The Netherlands) / Fleur Kemmers. (2004)
Full Record: Estiot, Sylviane. Le trsor de Meussia (Jura) : 399 monnaies d’argent d’poques rpublicaine et julio-claudienne / Sylviane Estiot, Isabelle Aymar. (2002)
Full Record: Gocht, Hans. Namenstilgungen an Bronzemunzen des Caligula und Claudius / Hans Gocht. (2003)
Full Record: Gomis Justo, Marivi. Ercavica : La emision de Caligula. Estimacion del numero de cunos originales.
Full Record: Sayles, Wayne G. Fakes on the Internet. (2002)
Full Record: Kemmers, Fleur. The coin finds from the Roman fort Albaniana, the Netherlands / Fleur Kemmers . (2005)
Full Record: Lopez Snchez, Fernando. La afirmacion soberana de Caligula y de Claudio y el fin de las acunaciones ciudadanas en occidente / Fernando Lopez Snchez. (2000)
Full Record: Besombes, Paul-Andr. Les monnaies hispaniques de Claude Ier des dpots de la Vilaine (Rennes) et de Saint-Lonard (Mayenne) : tmoins de quel type de contact entre l’Armorique et la pninsule ibrique ? / Paul-Andr Besombes. (2005)
Full Record: Catalli, Fiorenzo. Le thesaurus de Sora / Fiorenzo Catalli et John Scheid.
Full Record: Giard, Jean-Baptiste. Faux deniers de Caligula de la Renaissance.
Full Record: Vermeule, Cornelius. Faces of Empire (Julius Caesar to Justinian). Part II(B), More young faces : Caligula again and Nero reborn / Cornelius Vermeule. (2005)
Full Record: Geranio, Joe. Portraits of Caligula : the seated figure? / Joe Geranio. (2007)
Full Record: Aguilera Hernandez, Alberto. Acerca de un as de Caligula hallado en Zaragoza / Alberto Aguilera Hernandez. (2007)
Full Record: Butcher, K. E. T. Caligula : the evil emperor. (1985)
Full Record: Fuchs, Michaela. Frauen um Caligula und Claudius : Milonia Caesonia, Drusilla und Messalina. (1990)
Full Record: Faur, Jean-Claude. Moneda de Caligula de Museo Arqueologico Provincial de Tarragona. (

gold price in 1980

gold price in 1980

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